A Video-Based Automated Driving Simulator for Automotive UI Prototyping, UX and Behaviour Research
The lack of automated cars above SAE level 3 raises challenges for conducting User Experience Design (UXD) and behaviour research for automated driving. User-centred methods are critical to ensuring a human-friendly progress of vehicle automation. This work introduces the Immersive Video-based Automated Driving (IVAD) Simulator. It uses carefully recorded 180/360° videos that are played back in a driving simulator. This provides immersive driving experiences in visually realistic and familiar environments. This paper reports learnings from an iterative development of IVAD, and findings of two user studies: One simulator study (N=15) focused on the immersive experience; and one VR study (N=16) focused on rapid prototyping and the evaluation of Augmented Reality (AR) concepts. Overall, we found the method to be a useful, versatile and low budget UXD tool with a high level of immersion that is uniquely aided by the familiarity of the environment. IVAD’s limitations and future improvements are discussed in relation to research applications within AutoUI.
Michael A. Gerber, Ronald Schroeter, and Julia Vehns. 2019. A Video-Based Automated Driving Simulator for Automotive UI Prototyping, UX and Behaviour Research. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications (AutomotiveUI ’19). Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 14–23. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1145/3342197.3344533